AMERICAN INDIANS IN
The original inhabitants of
the area that is now Vermont included:
There are no federally recognized Indian tribes
in Vermont today.
Most Native Americans were forced to leave
Vermont during the 1600's, when eastern tribes were being displaced by
colonial expansion. These tribes are not extinct, but except for the
descendants of Vermont Indians who hid or assimilated into white
society, they do not live in Vermont anymore. Most tribes that once were
native to Vermont ended up on reservations in Canada.
There are about 3,200 Abenaki living
in Vermont and New Hampshire, without reservations, chiefly
The remaining Abenaki people live in multi-racial towns and
cities across Canada and the U.S.A., mainly in Ontario,
Quebec, New Brunswick, and northern New England. They
are one of the
peoples of northeastern
Most Abenaki crafted dome-shaped,
for housing, though a few preferred oval-shaped long houses.
the winter, the Abenaki lined the inside of their conical
wigwams with bear and deer skins for warmth. The Abenaki
also built long houses similar to those of the Iroquois.
Four Abenaki tribes are located in
Vermont. On April 22, 2011, Vermont officially recognized
two Abenaki tribes: the Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk-Abenaki
and the Elnu Abenaki Tribe. On May 7, 2012, the Abenaki
Nation at Missisquoi and the Koasek Traditional Band of the
Koas Abenaki Nation received recognition by the State of
Vermont. The Nulhegan are located in the
of Vermont, with tribal headquarters in
and the Elnu Abenaki are located in southeastern Vermont
with tribal headquarters in
The chief and political leader of the Nulhegan Band is Don
Stevens. The Sokoki (the Abenaki Nation at Missisquoi) are
located along the
in northwestern Vermont, with tribal headquarters in
Their traditional land is along the river, extending to its
In December 2012, Vermont's
Nulhegan Abanaki Tribe created a tribal forest in the town
This forest was established with assistance from the Vermont
Sierra Club and the Vermont Land Trust. It contains a
hunting camp and maple sugaring facilities which are
administered cooperatively by the Nulhegan. The forest
contains 70 acres.
The St Francis Missisquoi Tribe
owns forest land in the town of
centered around the Brunswick Springs. These springs are
believed to be a sacred traditional religious site of the
Abanaki. Together these Vermont forests are the only Abanaki
held lands outside of the existing reservations in Quebec
and Maine. Brunswick is a
The town was named after Prince
Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of
The population was 112 at the
Brunswick is home to six
that made the town a popular resort destination in the 19th
century. The land the springs are on is now owned by the
Billy Kidd, apparently an Abanaki,
became the first American male to win an Olympic medal in
Alpine skiing in 1964. He is a former
alpine ski racer
and a member of the
U.S. Ski Team
from 1962 to 1970. He was born in
but grew up in the 1950s in the ski town of
NEW HAMPSHIRE LAND GRANTS
Between January 1749
and October 1764, New Hampshire's Governor Benning Wentworth issued
135 grants for land in what is now known as Vermont. 128 of these grant
towns still exist.(see above).
Hubbardton and Dunbar were the last two grants given on June 15, 1764.
Each grant's 6 mile by 6 mile location was defined in terms of a corner
of an existing grant.
Hubbardton was short changed as there was not quite enough space to
squeeze it between
Castleton and Sudbury. This left no room at all for Dunbar, the
town that never was, except on paper.
Hubbardton was 250
years old in 2014, Sudbury and Orwell celebrate their 250 years in 2013,
Castleton was 250 years old in 2012.
THE NAMING OF
officially adopted as the new republic's name on June 30, 1777. Two
different stories are told to explain its origin.
Dr. Samuel Peters claimed that in
1763 he had christened the land as he stood on top of a high mountain
(said to be Killington, which at the time was one of several peaks named
Pisgah) from which he could see both the Connecticut River and Lake
Champlain, saying, "The new name is Verd-Mont, in token that her
mountains and hills shall be ever green and shall never die." Most
historians feel this story is apocryphal, to say the least. In truth,
the name Vermont probably was given by another.
Dr. Thomas Young was a Pennsylvania statesman who took a great
deal of interest in the young republic in the mountains. It was he who
had suggested that Pennsylvania's constitution be used as the basis for
Vermont's, and that was done. He also is credited with having suggested
the name Vermont to perpetuate the memory of the Green Mountain Boys,
who were named for the long north-south ridge of mountains that nearly
bisects the state.
Mountain name had been in use for those mountains for more years than
anyone could remember. Indeed, it was a New York colonial official who,
bedeviled by the "boys" from Bennington, Arlington and the surrounding
towns, inadvertently gave the Green Mountain Boys their name, saying he
would drive them all back to their Green Mountains.
generations of scholars have pointed out that to be grammatical French,
the name should be Les Monts Verts. But that's an awkward mouthful,
whereas "Vermont" is easy to say and has a pleasant sound -- and Vermont
it has remained.
AND ITS HISTORY AS A REPUBLIC (1777 - 1791)
Southeast corner has an interesting
Three colonies (MA, NH, & NY) were not sure of their boundaries.
1741 MA hired a surveyor, Richard Hazen, to determine the boundary
between MA and NH.
The result is referred to as
Vernon ended up north of that line.
thought its eastern boundary was the Connecticut River. NH thought its
western boundary was
near Lake Champlain. Although NH Governor gave out many land
grants in what is now VT.
NY disputed that. Ethan Allen's Green Mountain Boys were formed to keep
the "Yorkers "from
occupying land already granted by the NH Governor. The King
decided in NY's favor.
Then the Revolutionary War intervened. Vermont declared its independence
from New York and formed a Republic of the disputed territory. The
Republic of New Connecticut
was proclaimed on January 15, 1777 and was renamed the Republic of
Vermont on June 4, 1777. It lasted until March 4, 1791 when
Vermont entered the Union. It functioned as an
independent Republic during the war and until it became the 14th state
on March 4, 1791.
Thomas Chittenden was the Governor of the Republic for its 14 years.
He became the first Governor of the State, serving for 8 more years.
Vermont's northern border is the 45th parallel, sort of. Read
Strangely, the VT NH Border is at the low water
mark on the west side of the Connecticut River.
Therefore NH owns the Connecticut River.
Click for more details.
borders often use the deepest part. See
Lake Champlain forms about two-thirds of its boundary with New
The western boundary of Vermont follows the deepest channel of the
lake from Quebec to the Poultney
River near West Haven. Two-thirds of the lake and all of the large
islands are part of Vermont.
Oddly there were no towns in Vermont named after Ethan, just a furniture
Ira Allen had three towns named after him: Ira, Irasville, and Irasburgh.
THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR (1775 -
This war lasted seven years, with effective
American victory in October 1781. Two main British armies surrendered to
the Continental Army, at Saratoga in 1777 and Yorktown in 1781,
amounting to victory in the war for the United States. The Second
Continental Congress transitioned to the Congress of the Confederation
with the ratification of the Articles of Confederation earlier in 1781.
The Treaty of Paris in 1783 was ratified by this new national
government. This was followed by formal British abandonment of any
claims to the thirteen states with the Treaty of Paris in 1783
DRED SCOTT DECISION In 1857
day in 1857, the United States Supreme Court issues a decision in the
Dred Scott case, affirming the right of slave owners to take their
slaves into the Western territories, therebynegating the doctrine of
popular sovereignty and severely undermining the platform of the newly
created Republican Party.
heart of the case was the most important question of the 1850s: Should
slavery be allowed in the West? As part of the Compromise of 1850,
residents of newly created territories could decide the issue of slavery
by vote, a process known as popular sovereignty. When popular
sovereignty was applied in Kansas in 1854, however, violence erupted.
Americans hoped that the Supreme Court could settle the issue that had
eluded a congressional solution.
Scott was a slave whose owner, an army doctor, had spent time in
Illinois, a free state, and Wisconsin, a free territory at the time of
Scott’s residence. The Supreme Court was stacked in favor of the slave
states. Five of the nine justices were from the South while another,
Robert Grier of Pennsylvania, was staunchly pro-slavery. Chief Justice
Roger B. Taney wrote the majority decision, which was issued on March 6,
1857. The court held that Scott was not free based on his residence in
either Illinois or Wisconsin because he was not considered a person
under the U.S. Constitution–in the opinion of the justices, black people
were not considered citizens when the Constitution was drafted in 1787.
According to Taney, Dred Scott was the property of his owner, and
property could not be taken from a person without due process of law.
there were free black citizens of the United States in 1787, but Taney
and the other justices were attempting to halt further debate on the
issue of slavery in the territories. The decision inflamed regional
tensions, which burned for another four years before exploding into the
The CIVIL WAR (1861 - 1865)
The second article in Vermont's
constitution, originally written in 1777, abolished
making it the first state to do so. Although its climate was not
conducive to the slave trade, Vermonters were early participants in the
movement. In the
1860 presidential election,
the Green Mountain State gave Republican
a lopsided victory, 33,808 votes compared to 8,649 for
and 217 for
John C. Breckinridge.
One historian opined that the heavy rain on election day "reduced the
Republican majority by at least 7,000" votes.
The state sent more
than 34,000 to serve, out of a total population of about
More than 28,100 Vermonters served in Vermont volunteer
units. Vermont fielded 17 infantry regiments, 1 cavalry
regiment, 3 light artillery batteries, 1
company, 3 companies of sharpshooters, and 2 companies
of frontier cavalry. Instead of replacing units as they
were depleted, Vermont regularly provided recruits to
bring the units in the field back up to normal strength.
Nearly 5,000 others
served in other states' units, in the
United States Army
United States Navy.
included 66 Vermont blacks; a total of 166 black
Vermonters served out of a population of 709 in the
suffered a total of 1,832 men killed or mortally wounded
in battle; another 3,362 died of disease, in prison or
from other causes, for a total loss of 5,194. More than
2,200 Vermonters were taken prisoner during the war, and
615 of them died in or as a result of their
Coffin claimed that the state's most important
contribution to the war was at the
Battle of the
where the Vermont Brigade held the crucial intersection
of two roads, the loss of which would have split the
Union forces in half. 1,200 Vermonters died. They also
played a crucial role at the
Battle of Gettysburg,
where, under General
George J. Stannard,
2nd Vermont Brigade
by stepping out of a protected area and firing at the
flank of the attackers.
learning that a regiment of Green Mountain Boys (the 1st
Vermont Infantry) was awaiting orders, said "I want your
Vermont regiments, all of them. I have not forgotten the
Vermont men on the
frontier... I remember the Vermont men in the
War of 1812."
number of generals hailed from Vermont. Several led
Vermont units, including
Lewis A. Grant,
John W. Phelps,
William Farrar Smith,
George J. Stannard,
Edwin H. Stoughton,
James M. Warner,
Others served in other states' units or in the
John C. Caldwell,
William B. Hazen,
Ethan Allen Hitchcock,
Charles Edward Hovey,
Joseph A. Mower,
Thomas E. G. Ransom,
Israel B. Richardson,
Benjamin S. Roberts,
Stewart Van Vliet,
Six Vermonters became
Asa P. Blunt,
George P. Foster,
William W. Henry,
John R. Lewis,
Edward H. Ripley
Charles B. Stoughton.
One native Vermonter,
Chester A. Arthur,
(Arthur was born in
grew up in
upstate New York,
and practiced law in New York City who later became
President of the United States,
State of New York
during the war.)
Vermont became the first state to formally
celebrate the life of John Brown, the radical abolitionist who
was hanged for treason in 1859.
October 16 is now John Brown's Day in VT in honor of
John Brown's attack on Harpers Ferry October 16, 1859. Brown
is buried on his
farm in North Elba NY.
Also see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Brown_(abolitionist)
Brandon's Stephen A Douglas,
the "Little Giant" Visit his Birthplace, a Museum in
VERMONT and SLAVERY
The newly formed state, which broke
away from New York, abolished slavery outright in its constitution, dated July
8, 1777. After declaring its independence, Vermont existed as a free
republic known as the Commonwealth of Vermont. It was admitted to the union in
1791, with a state constitution that also contained the slavery ban. The 1777
constitution entitles Vermont to claim to be the first U.S. state to have
Vermont was very active in the anti-slavery movement
before the Civil War. It is known that many slaves escaped through Vermont to
Canada. Visit Rokeby Museumin Ferrisburg. Its stunning exhibit chronicles
the stories of Simon and Jesse, two fugitives from slavery who found shelter at
Rokeby in the 1830s. Free & Safe
traces their stories from slavery to freedom, introduces the abolitionist
Robinsons who called Rokeby home, and explores the turbulent decades leading up
to the Civil War.
BLACK KEYS ON THE PIANO
Carnegie Hall, gospel singer Wintley Phipps delivers perhaps the most powerful
rendition of Amazing Grace ever recorded. He says, "A lot of people
don't realize that just about all Negro spirituals are written on the black
notes of the piano.
Probably the most famous on this slave scale was written by John Newton, who
used to be the captain of a slave ship, and many believe he heard this melody
that sounds very much like a West African sorrow chant. And it has a haunting,
haunting plaintive quality to it that reaches past your arrogance, past your
pride, and it speaks to that part of you that's in bondage. And we feel it. We
feel it. It's just one of the most amazing melodies in all of human history."
After sharing the noteworthy history of the song, Mr. Phipps delivers a stirring
performance that brings the audience to its feet.
THE HALDIMAND AFFAIR
Vermont could have become part of
Between 1780 and 1783 Ethan Allen participated, along with his
brother Ira, Vermont Governor
and others, in
the British governor of
that were ostensibly about prisoner exchanges, but were really about
establishing Vermont as a new British
and gaining military protection for its residents.
The Haldimand Affair (also
Haldimand or Vermont Negotiations) was a series of
negotiations conducted in the early 1780s (late in the
American Revolutionary War)
the British governor of the
Province of Quebec,
his agents, and several people representing the independent
Vermonters had been battling Indian raids sponsored by the British, as
well as engaging in
a long-running dispute
New York State
over jurisdiction of the territory. At issue was Vermont officially
joining the British. Just as Haldimand offered generous terms for
reunion in 1781, the main British army surrendered at Yorktown, and it
was clear that the United States would achieve independence. Vermont,
surrounded on three sides by American territory, rejected the British
overtures and negotiated terms to eventually enter the United States as
the 14th state in 1791. The secret nature of the negotiations, which
excluded significant portions of Vermont's political power structure,
led to accusations against some of the negotiators, notably
who had appeared before the
as early as September 1778, seeking recognition as an independent
VERMONT: One of the Six New England States
AREA in SQUARE MILES
POPULATION in the Year 2000
Vermont is the smallest New England State by
population and second smallest to Wyoming among all states.
Did you know that Vermont is the second largest
New England State in area, slightly larger than New Hampshire but also
larger than Massachusetts and double the size of Connecticut?
Although Vermont has a density of 66 persons per
square mile, the town of Winooski has the highest density of 4,720
persons per square mile, and Somerset is the lowest at less than one
person per square mile.
COUNTIES IN VERMONT
Hubbardton is in
Rutland County, one of the 14 counties in Vermont. In 1779, Vermont had
two counties.The western side of the state was called Bennington County
and the eastern side was called
Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont plus
another county named Washington (not the same as the modern
Washington County) that eventually became part of
County was known as
from its creation in 1810 until it was renamed in1814.
More historical detail regarding the
formation of the present day counties is found in:
Rutland County is
second in area and population.
Grand Isle County
Above areas are land only. State size where water area is included show
the following square miles: MA is 44th with 10,555, VT is 45th with
9,615, and NH is 46th with 9,350.
For more info, see more on
RUTLAND COUNTY (One of 14 in Vermont)
The map below
shows where the Town of Hubbardton is located in Rutland County.
It shares borders with Castleton to the south, Sunbury to the north,
Benson to the west and Pittsford to the east. It has postal service from
five post offices: NE is from Brandon, NW is from Orwell, SW is from
Fair Haven, SE is from Castleton, and most of State Rt 30 is from the
Castleton Post Office called "Bomoseen" at Castleton Corners. It
has no schools, but owns part of the Elementary School in Castleton.
Most of its students go to High School in Castleton.
OF HUBBARDTON AND ITS NEIGHBORS
The three counties in the northeast part of Vermont (Caledonia,
Essex, and Orleans) are referred to as the Northeast Kingdom, a term
coined by George D Aiken.
David Aiken (August
20, 1892 – November 19, 1984) was an American farmer and politician. A
member of the Republican
he was the 64th Governor
of Vermont (1937–1941)
before serving in the United
States Senate for
34 years, from 1941 to 1975.
“He liked being called ‘Governor’ because he liked being the governor
more than he liked being the U.S. Senate,” Mrs. Aiken explained. “It
wasn’t that he didn’t like being in the Senate, it was that he didn’t
like being away from Vermont. He never forgot that he was a Vermonter.”
And, she said he never lost touch with the average Vermonter.
Tired from weeks of work, during Senate recesses, she said it wasn’t
uncommon for him to come home to Vermont, grab his fishing pole, and
head to the Northeast Kingdom.
“The Northeast Kingdom was just one of his
favorite places in the world,” Mrs. Aiken said. “He always loved the
people up there. He used to say that many of the people didn’t have much
of anything, or have big jobs, but they were always happy. They didn’t
complain as other people would complain in the same situation. They just
made do with what they had. The people up there didn’t put on “airs” and
they always welcomed you.”
Northeast Kingdom is bordered on the east by the
and on the west by the
The highest point is
Jay Peak, a
summit on the main ridge of the Green Mountains, at 3,858 feet
(1,176 m). The highest point outside of the Green Mountains is East
East Haven, with
a summit elevation of 3,439 feet (1,048 m).
area is often referred to by Vermonters simply as "The Kingdom."
The Kingdom encompasses 55 towns and
gores, with a
land area of 2,027 square miles, about 21% of the state of Vermont.The
city of Newport is the only
incorporated city in the tri-county area.
The Northeast Kingdom has been listed in the
North American and international editions of "1,000 Places to See Before
You Die", the New York Times best-selling book by Patricia
Schultz. In 2006, the
National Geographic Society
named the Northeast Kingdom as the most desirable place to visit in the
country and the ninth most desirable place to visit in the world.
The largest municipalities in the Northeast
Kingdom are the towns of
and the city of
Visit the oldest
art galley in America at St. Johnsbury’s Atheneum. Shop at Wiley’s
General Store in Greensboro, an establishment owned and operated by the
same family for four generations.
Vermont was the
fourteenth state to be admitted to the union. It was
admitted in 1791
The first Vermont Flag, a state
militia flag, was created in October, 1803. Vermont's first
flag was created with seventeen stripes and seventeen stars
in the tradition of the U.S. Flag. The word "VERMONT" was
spelled out in upper case letters above the stars and
Vermont went back to the drawing
board and authorized a new design on October 20, 1838. This
new design continued to align with that of the U.S. Flag.
This new design reduced the number of red and white stripes
from seventeen to thirteen. Instead of a star for each
state, however, the union contained one large white star on
a blue field. Within the confines of the star was displayed
the Vermont Coat of Arms. This flag remained as the official
state flag until 1919.
Eventually Vermonters began to desire
a more unique state flag that would not be so easily
confused with the flag of the United States when hanging
from a pole. As the idea for a change became more prominent,
it was found that the flag authorized in 1838, was not ever
really used to any extent and that not many were even aware
of its existence. The flag carried by Vermont regiments in
the Civil War, the Spanish American War and at the outbreak
of World War I was a flag that displayed the Vermont State
Coat of Arms on a blue field. This design had customarily
been called the Governor's flag.
And so, in 1919, the third Vermont
State Flag was authorized. This third design displayed the
Vermont State Coat of Arms on a blue field. This is the
Vermont State Flag as we know it today.
Green Mountain Boys Flag, the militia flag of the
Vermont Republic , and the Vermont state flag from 1791 to 1804.
The second flag of Vermont used from May 1, 1804
to October 19, 1837.
On May 1, 1804, the number of U.S. states rose to seventeen, and it was
expected that the U.S. flag would change to 17 stars and 17 stripes. In
recognition, Vermont adopted what was expected to be the new U.S. flag
with the addition of the name "VERMONT" embroidered along the top. The
U.S. flag did not change in that way, resulting in the Vermont flag
having more stripes than the national flag.
The third flag of Vermont used from October 20,
1837 to May 31, 1923. This Vermont state flag was the current U.S. flag
with the multiple stars replaced by a single large star with the Vermont
coat of arms (from the seal) within the star. The details of the star
were unspecified, and both 5-point and 8-point stars were used with
8-points slightly more common. During the American
Civil War, the Spanish
American War, and the First
World War, the Vermont militia fought
under a banner composed of the Coat
of arms of Vermont on
a blue field.
This was essentially the same as the Vermont
Governor’s flag, and very similar to the current state flag. Because of
confusion between the striped Vermont state flag and the U.S. flag, the
design of the Vermont Governor’s flag was adopted as the official state
flag on June 1, 1923.
June 1, 1923 The Vermont state
coat of arms on
a field of azure.
is the official motto of the U.S. state of Vermont and
the African Nation of Tanzania.
The motto was first adopted in 1788 for use on the Great Seal of the
Vermont Republic. Ira
the Vermont seal and is often credited as its author. Following
Vermont's admission to the federal union in 1791, the legislature once
more approved the use of the motto for the new state seal.
Vermont's first governor, Thomas
cited the state motto in his epitaph: "Out of storm and manifold perils
rose an enduring state, the home of freedom and unity."
US FLAG (1795 - 1818)
Flew over Fort Mc Henry in Baltimore.
Official Flag when house was built in 1806 in Hubbardton (Hortonia) VT
The Star Spangled Banner: This Flag became the Official United
States Flag on May 1st,1795. Two stars were added for the
(the 14th State on March 4th, 1791) and
(the 15th State on June 1st, 1792, and was to last for 23 years. The
five Presidents who served under this flag were;
George Washington (1789-1797),
John Adams (1797-1801),
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809),
James Madison (1809-1817),
James Monroe (1817-1825).
The 15-star, 15-stripe flag was
authorized by the Flag Act of January 13, 1794, adding 2 stripes and 2
Stars. The regulation went into effect on May 1, 1795. This flag was
the only U.S. Flag to have more than 13 stripes. At the time, the
practice of adding stripes (in addition to stars) with the induction of
a new state had not yet been discontinued. It was immortalized in
the War of 1812 by
Francis Scott Key.
In Baltimore's preparation for an
expected attack on the city, Fort McHenry was made ready to
defend the city's harbor. When Major
expressed desire for a very large flag to fly over the fort,
General John S. Stricker and
Commodore Joshua Barney
placed an order with a prominent Baltimorean flagmaker for
two oversized American Flags. The larger of the two flags
would be the Great Garrison Flag, the largest battle flag
ever flown at the time. The smaller of the two flags would
be the Storm Flag, to be more durable and less prone to
fouling in inclement weather. This flag was sewn by
Mary Young Pickersgill.
the commander of Fort McHenry, specified "a flag so large
that the British would have no difficulty seeing it from a
distance". A replica is still flying over Fort
The Flag was flown over the fort
soldiers and a fleet of 19 ships attacked Baltimore on
September 12, 1814. The bombardment turned to Fort McHenry
on the evening of September 13, and continuous shelling
occurred for 25 hours under heavy rain. When the British
ships were unable to pass the fort and penetrate the harbor,
the attack was ended, and on the morning of September 14,
when the battered flag still flew above the ramparts, it was
clear that Fort McHenry remained in American hands. This
revelation was famously captured in poetry by Key, an
American lawyer and amateur poet. Being held by the British
on a truce ship in the
Key observed the battle from afar. When he saw the Garrison
Flag still flying at dawn of the morning of the 14th, he
composed a poem he originally titled Defiance of Ft.
McHenry retitled The Star-Spangled Banner, and a
portion of it would later be adopted as the United States
National Anthem. Since its arrival at the Smithsonian, the
flag has undergone multiple preservation efforts.
1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed an executive order
designating “The Star-Spangled Banner” as the national
anthem, and in 1931, the US Congress confirmed the decision. Although
Key wrote four verses, most people only know the first one.
SYMBOLS OF VERMONT
Entered the Union: March
4, 1791 (14)
State Nicknames: Green
State Motto: Freedom
Origin of Name: from
the French “vert mont,” meaning “green mountain”
State Flower: Red
State Bird: Hermit
State Animal: Morgan
State Tree: Sugar
State Butterfly: Monarch
State Flavor: Maple
State Insect: Honey
State Fruit: Apple
State Fish: Brook
Trout & Walleye Pike
State Pie: Apple
State Song: “These
State Gem: Grossular
National Forests: 1
Famous for: Ski
Resorts, Maple Syrup, Autumn Splendor
Famous Vermonters: Chester
A. Arthur • Calvin Coolidge (Presidents), Orson Bean (actor),
George Dewey (admiral), John Dewey (educator), Stephen A.
Douglas (politician), Carlton Fisk (baseball), Henry Wells
(pioneer entrepreneur - Wells Fargo Co.), Rudy Vallee (band
Many other Symbols of Vermont at:
The state of
has 255 political units, or "places". This includes 237
South Burlington, Rutland, Barre, Montpelier, Winooski, St Albans,
Newport & Vergennes),
(Avery’s, Buell’s, Warner’s & Warren’s).
Unincorporated towns are those granted charters that the
later revoked due to lack
of residents. While still technically towns, they have no local
government; their affairs are managed by
a state-appointed supervisor.
The town of
Vernon is unique as it was initially part of the grant of
"Northfield" located on both
sides of the Connecticut River. A New Hampshire grant to
on both sides of the
Connecticut River resulted in two Hinsdales due to a change in the
dividing line between the colonies
of NH and MA. This was resolved in 1753. The
History of Vernon is fascinating
The data below is from ancestry.com
and shows 257 “towns”.
Comment on Town
From Massachusetts, but part was re-granted in 1753
as a NH Grant
1779 Vernon became part of Republic of VT At one
time Vernon was also called Hinsdale
New Hampshire Land Grants
From New York
Royalton, Grand Isle, Bradford, Whitingham
Republic of Vermont
State of Vermont
Flatlanders and Vermonters
Vermont was originally inhabited by the Abenaki and the Iroquois.
In 2005 it had an estimated population of 623,000. Vermont has the
second smallest population.
Wyoming has fewer people.) Vermont has a larger percentage of its
population living in communities
of fewer than 2,500 than any other state, so it is the most rural.
A "Vermonter" is a term reserved for those people
actually born in Vermont. A Flatlander is
someone not born in Vermont, no matter how long that person has lived
in the state. Flatlanders
are also referred to as "Turkeys". I will always be a
"Buckeye", as I was born in Ohio and I am a
legal resident of Florida.The opposite of a Flatlander is a
"Woodchuck", a term that is applied,
sometimes with negative connotations, to a native born Vermonter.
can never be a "Vermonter", as I was not born in Vermont. A
person is a Vermonter because
his or her mother happened to be in Vermont on the day that person was
born. Some people
say: "Thank heavens the Flatlanders outnumber the native Vermonters."
Others say "The Road to Hell is paved
with Republicans." Also see
for some excellent very
There are appears to be four classes of people living in Vermont:
Class A .are Vermonters that are
residents, Class B are Vermonters that are non residents, Class C are
Flatlanders that are residents,
and Class D are Flatlanders that are non residents. Act 60
and Act 68 were designed so that Class B
and Class D almost always pay higher property tax rates for education
in Vermont. It certainly seems
logical that non residents should pay higher property tax rates for
education. It is surprising that Act 68
has not been amended to provide relief to Class B.
Vermont made national headlines in 1998. A Flatlander tried to
run for Senate under the
Republican Party, and lost. Jack McMullen, a one-year resident of
Vermont, tried to win the
Republican nomination to run against Senator Leahy for Senate.
McMullen, the millionaire, lost
to Fred Tuttle, then a 79 year old retired farmer. The farmer, with a
10th grade education and a
spending budget of $201, beat the Harvard educated McMullen, who spent
$475,000 on his
campaign. In the often comical debates, McMullen was exposed as an
outsider, a person who
didn't know the state he was trying to win very well. Tuttle asked him
in one debate how to
pronounce the Vermont town of Calais. McMullen answered it by
pronouncing it in the French
way (cah-lay) instead of how Vermonters say it, (cah-las).
It was clear McMullen didn't know the state. For what reason did
Tuttle win? The simple fact that
Tuttle is a native Vermonter, and McMullen a flatlander. McMullen tried
to buy his way through the
campaign, but Vermonters saw through his ideas. When voting time came,
Tuttle won 55% of
the primary vote, and putting the farmer into a Senatorial race.
Tuttle's win sent a message
nationwide, Vermonters would not be bought over by a flatlander, and
would much rather have a
retired farmer in the senate. Surprised bythe win, Tuttle laughed and
lamented he would never
want to move to Washington, D.C. so he urged Vermonters to vote
for Leahy. Tuttle's job was
done, and he could go back to his farm.
(Fred knew how many teats a cow
has! McMullen didn't.
and /http://www.vtonly.com/loresep8.htm and
Tuttle would have known how robotic milking works.
Derby Line is an
in the town of
slightly north of the
the normal U.S.-Canada boundary. The population was 776
The village is located on the
Canada–United States border
and is contiguous with the district of
in the town of
Notable buildings include the
Haskell Free Library and Opera
The village was incorporated in
It lies on an elevation
at the far north of Derby, which was chartered on
October 29, 1779 and first settled in 1795. By 1859, the
area was noted for the beauty of its
set before the distant vista of
Because of an erratic survey,
the border separating Canada from the United States was
drawn incorrectly by the surveyors in the 18th century,
above the 45th parallel which was the agreed boundary.
Derby Line was founded based on that line, above the
45th parallel. The boundary was confirmed by the
ALLEN DAY is June 23
of the valley are not the gods of the hills, and you
shall understand it.
ETHAN ALLEN, reply to the King's attorney-general,
|In thename of the great
and the Continental Congress!
|His reply as to by
what authority he demanded the surrender of
as recounted in A Narrative of Colonel Ethan
(1779). Other reports indicate that he initially
declared: "Come out of there you sons of British
whores, or I'll smoke you out!" According to
historian and folklorist B.A.Botkin, one Israel
Harris was present at the time, and later told
his grandson (the late Professor James D. Butler
of Madison, Wisconsin) that Allen's actual words
were "Come out of there, you goddam old rat!"
VERMONT FACTS See
14th in union
2 U.S. Presidents
43rd largest state-9,614 square miles
65.8 people per square mile of land
1.24 million acres of farmland
78% of Vermont’s land is forest
State Animal: Morgan Horse
State Beverage: Milk State Motto: “Freedom and Unity” State Pie: Apple
State Butterfly: Monarch State Flower: Red Clover State Tree: Sugar
Montpelier, with 7,900 people, is the smallest state capital in America
It is also the only state capital in the United States without a
Vermont is one of four states that does not allow billboard advertising
16 awesome ski resorts, one of the largest number per state in the
Vermont has more covered bridges per square mile than any other state
Currently, the three most popular Ben and Jerry’s ice cream flavors are:
Cherry Garcia, Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough, Chocolate Fudge Brownie
Dairy farmers produce 300 million gallons of milk each year
Vermont is also the country’s largest producer of maple syrup
Vermont’s highest peak, Mt. Mansfield, is 4,393 ft. tall
Vermont’s 77th governor Jim Douglas
ARTHUR 21st President was born in Vermont
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 –
November 18, 1886) was an American attorney and politician
who served as the
President of the United
(1881–85); he succeeded
James A. Garfield
Arthur was born in
grew up in
upstate New York,
and practiced law in New York City. He served as
New York Militia
American Civil War.
Following the war, he devoted more time to Republican
politics and quickly rose in the political machine run by
New York Senator
Appointed by President
Ulysses S. Grant
to the lucrative and politically powerful post of
Collector of the Port of
New York in
1871, Arthur was an important supporter of Conkling and the
faction of the Republican Party. In 1878 the new president,
Rutherford B. Hayes,
fired Arthur as part of a plan to reform the federal
in New York. When Garfield won the Republican nomination for
Arthur, an eastern Stalwart, was nominated for
balance the ticket.
After just half a year
as vice president, Arthur found himself in the
due to the assassination of his predecessor. To the surprise
of reformers, Arthur took up the cause of reform, though it
had once led to his expulsion from office.
Suffering from poor
health, Arthur made only a limited effort to secure the
Republican Party's nomination in
he retired at the close of his term. Journalist
later wrote, "No man ever entered the Presidency so
profoundly and widely distrusted as Chester Alan Arthur, and
no one ever retired ... more generally respected, alike by
political friend and foe."
wrote of him, "[I]t would be hard indeed to better President
COOLIDGE 30th President was born in Vermont See
“Silent Cal” did have a sense
matron, seated next to him at a dinner, said to him, "I made a bet today
that I could get more than two words out of you." He replied, "You
upon learning that Coolidge had died, reportedly remarked, "How can they
Coolidge often seemed uncomfortable among fashionable Washington
society; when asked why he continued to attend so many of their dinner
parties, he replied, "Got to eat somewhere."
Alice Roosevelt Longworth,
a leading Republican wit, underscored Coolidge's silence and his dour
personality: "When he wished he were elsewhere, he pursed his lips,
folded his arms, and said nothing. He looked then precisely as though he
had been weaned on a pickle."
An old joke about
Calvin Coolidge when he was President … The President and Mrs. Coolidge
were being shown (separately) around an experimental government farm.
When Mrs. Coolidge came to the chicken yard she noticed that a rooster
was mating very frequently. She asked the attendant how often that
happened and was told, "Dozens of times each day." Mrs. Coolidge said,
"Tell that to the President when he comes by." Upon being told, the
President asked, "Same hen every time?" The reply was, "Oh, no, Mr.
President, a different hen every time." President: "Tell that to Mrs.
US Presidents There were the
above two presidents from Vermont, but Ohio and Virginia had the most,
one had the most is debatable.
Governor of VT
Governor of VT and US Senator from VT
Chester Alan Arthur
Inventor of "The plow that broke the plains"
Philosopher and educational reformer
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator, elected in Illinois
Clergyman and educator
Senator from VT
Richard Morris Hunt
William Morris Hunt
Senator and US Representative from VT
Senator from VT
Senator from VT
Elisha Graves Otis
Founder of Otis Elevator Company
Founder of Latter Day Saint movement,
Horace A. Tabor
Singer and band leader
Pioneer and entrepreneur
William G Wilson
Founder of Alcoholics Anonymous
President, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
||Surveyor. Impetuous Leader of
The Green Mountain Boys
|| Litchfield, CT
||Surveyor. Legislator. Father
of University of Vermont
||Governor of the Republic of VT
and then the State of VT
|| East Guilford, CT
||Physician. Governor of VT
|| East Hampton, NY
||Poet who lived in NH and in VT
|| San Francisco, CA
||Witch of Wall Street. The
wealthiest woman in the world
|Madeleine M Kunin
||Diplomat and politician.
Governor of VT
|| Zurich, Swiss
US Senator from VT
|| Brooklyn, NY
Major General in Continental Army and Hero of Bennington
"There are your enemies, the Red Coats and the Tories. They
are ours, or this night Molly Stark sleeps a widow!" and a
quote from a July 31, 1809 letter that 81 year old Stark wrote to
decline an invitation to an anniversary reunion of the
Battle of Bennington:
"Live free or die: Death is not the worst of evils."
||Colonel in Continental Army.
Rear Guard Commander at Hubbardton
| Roxbury, CT
|| King George II's Royal
Governor of New Hampshire
|| Portsmouth, NH
1777, the signers of the Constitution
of the Vermont Republic met
a tavern at the time, to declare independence from the British Empire
not become a state until 1791). In 1820, it was the state's largest
town, a thriving center for trade and agriculture.
The community is named for Windsor, Connecticut.
It is known as the
birthplace of Vermont, where the state constitution was signed, and
acted as the first capital until 1805 when Montpelier became
the official state capital.
not always the capital of Vermont. At first, the Vermont General
Assembly met only once every two years. Many of the first meetings were
held in Windsor, Bennington, Rutland, and other towns.
The first permanent settlement began in May 1787,
when Colonel Jacob Davis and General Parley Davis arrived from
General Davis surveyed the land, while Colonel Davis cleared forest and
erected a large log house on the west side of the North Branch of the
It was Colonel Davis who selected the name
Montpelier after the
was a general enthusiasm for things French as a result of the country's
aid during the
Montpelier is situated on the Winooski River in the central part of the
state. It is the smallest population of any capital city in the United
The population was 7,855 at the 2010
Montpelier was chosen to become the permanent state capital in 1805,
after some strenuous debate, due to its central location.
When the time came to build a new capitol in
1831, the citizens of Montpelier pledged $15,000 to support its
construction, preventing the state government from being transferred to
any of the other five competing cities.
When the second capitol burned
down in 1857, there was considerable support for moving the capital to Burlington,
but Montpelier carried the day. The third Vermont Statehouse, which
still stands, was 25 percent larger than the one it replaced, but still
modest by the standards of other states.
"Montpelier" can be translated to be "bare hill".
The hill behind the capitol building was bare of trees.
Based on the 2010 census, 115,085 people resided
in Vermont's cities, or 18.39% of the state's population. The
Vermont has 255
or "places". Of these, the nine listed below are incorporated as
cities, and considered municipalities independent of the surrounding
town(s) and county(s).
Here is another list:
St. Albans City
St. Albans Town
About 25% of Vermont's population reside in
Burlington is the largest city in Vermont.
The city is the hub of the Burlington-South
consisting of the three northwestern Vermont counties of Chittenden, Franklin and Grand
encompassing the cities of Burlington, South
the towns of
and the village of Essex
According to the 2012 U.S.
the metro area had an estimated population of 213,701, approximately one
third of Vermont's total population.
One of the New
the land that was developed as Burlington was awarded by Governor Benning
June 7, 1763 to Samuel Willis and 63 others.
The town was organized in
1785. The town's position on Lake
it develop into a port
of entry and
center for trade, particularly after completion of the Champlain
1823, the Erie
1825, and the Chambly
Bennington Battle Day is a state
commemorating the American victory over British forces
Battle of Bennington
American Revolutionary War
in 1777. The holiday's date is fixed, occurring on
August 16 every year.
Bennington, there is a battle re-enactment put on by the
local history foundation.
The Battle of Bennington took
place in New York, but is so named because the British
were headed for a cache of weapons and munitions stored
Bennington Battle Monument
now stands in present-day
Old Bennington, Vermont
|Hezekiah Barnes built
Stagecoach Inn in
Barnes had moved with his family to Charlotte in 1780, and
established the inn and a
on opposite sides of the main stage route from
Town residents referred to as the
Tavern Stand. It was dismantled and rebuilt at the Shelburne Museum
Stagecoach Inn on the grounds in 1949.
Contractors removed the dividing walls in the
second-story ballroom, returning it to its former dimensions; ebuilt ten
fireplaces, two brick ovens, and two ham-smoking chambers; applied
paneling and plaster finishes found in New England in the late 18th
century; and fashioned replacement window casings and chair rails with
antique carpenter’s planes.
Finally, they reconstructed the broad porch
that had originally wrapped around the building’s exterior to re-create
the Inn’s early appearance.
Averill Stand in Wilmington was built in
1787 and was for many years the stagecoach stop between Bennington
and Brattleboro on what is now Route 9. The Averill family managed the
stagecoach stand on the site hence the name Averill Stand as well as the
tavern and Inn.
|The Henry Farm
Inn, in Chester
is a center hall Federal built in the late 1700's, is located
on the Green Mountain Turnpike.
Our well-maintained two hundred year old
farmhouse was the first tavern in Chester, when it served as a
stagecoach stop on the Green Mountain Turnpike. In colonial times
this turnpike ran from Boston to Montreal, but now is a quiet,
picturesque dirt road
|The Norwich Inn
is a historic, full-service Vermont country inn located in Norwich,
near Dartmouth College, just across the river from Hanover, New
Hampshire. An Inn has been on the Main Street site since 1797;
the current Victorian Structure since 1890. . Built by Colonel Jasper
Murdock in 1797, the historic Norwich Inn served as a stagecoach
tavern and hostelry for generations of New England travelers. Known
variously as the Norwich Hotel, Curtis Hotel, The Union House, and the
Newton Inn. Local legend has it that the Inn and the Town were the
inspiration behind the popular TV Show, “Newhart,” which was set in
Norwich. Pictures below from
|Ye Olde Tavern in Manchester claims to
be the oldest inn in Vermont. Built by Dorset, Vermont master builder
Aaron Sheldon. It dates back to 1790 when it was known as
the Stage coach Inn. It later was known as Lockwood's Tavern.
The marble porch was added in 1850. In 1860, Steven Thayer
purchased the inn and was known as "Thayer's Hotel". In 1902, it
was the Fairview Hotel and the tavern became headquarters for the
movement to license the sale of "spirituous beverages". Two years later,
revocation of the license closed the hotel. After the installation of
electricity in 1924, Walter Clemons-McGuire re-opened the tavern as a
hotel and antique shop. It’s on the Vermont Register of Historic
In 1796, The Dorset Inn in Dorset
welcomed its first guests - travelers en route to the major markets in Boston
and Albany. After tethering their horses at the Inn's front door, they would
pass an evening before the fireplace of the Inn, eat a hearty supper and retire
to the four poster bed.
It was first first
called the Washington Hotel.
The Dorset Inn, shown below when it was photographed in 1895.
The Grafton Inn
in Grafton is one of the oldest operating inns in America.
It opened its doors in 1801 when Enos
Lovell, converted his two-story private home into an inn in 1801.
The Grafton Inn is the center of town activity.
It has welcomed luminaries like Ralph Waldo
Emerson, Rudyard Kipling, Daniel Webster, Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow
Was the Grafton Inn and other Inns ... stagecoach stops?
The Hubbardton Turnpike Company
was chartered on November 11, 1802. It allowed immigrants to go north
from Castleton to Sudbury. The turnpike continued in business
until November 1851 when its charter was repealed. This became the
present Route 30, and went past the Hyde Manor property in Sudbury and
along the east side of Lake Bomoseen and Beebe Pond in Hubbardton. Prior
to the building of this turnpike, the only north south road along Beebe
Pond was a stagecoach road along the west side of Beebe Pond.
Old Stagecoach Inn in Waterbury.
The inn was built in 1826
by Waterbury’s first lawyer, later Judge, Dan Carpenter, and his brother
The inn, or
tavern, served as a rest stop for people and horses and as a local
meeting house. The railroad across the state had not yet been built, so
travel in both directions was by horse-drawn coach over rutted roads,
icy and snow covered in winter, and a bottomless sea of mud in the
At that time, Main Street (now Route 2) was known as the Winooski Toll
Road, a forerunner of revenue raising practices to come. In 1848 the
railroad came through, so that stage coach travel survived only in the
Between 1830 & 1845 Dewey's Stand was a
stage coach stop on Rt 30 in Hubbardton. Read about Joel Beaman
of Poultney, Ebenezer B Dewey of Hubbardton and Castleton, and Arunah
Hyde of Castleton in
"stage" originally referred to the distance between stations on a route,
the coach traveling the entire route in "stages," but through useage,
"stage" came to mean the coach.
A fresh set of horses would be staged
at the next station, so the coach could continue after a quick stop to
rehitch the new horse team. Under this staging system, the resting,
watering and feeding of the spent horses would not delay the coach.
The Old Inn in
Sudbury. It was also known as
It served as a stage coach
stop and hotel through the 1850's.
It was located on
the northeast corner of Rt 30 and Rt 73.
In New York we find:
The location where
Waterbury now lies was once the frontier
people. European settlement of the area
dates from 1763, when King
granted a charter for land in the
valley. James Marsh became the first
permanent white settler in the region in
1783. Many of the early settlers came
and named their new town in honor of the
hometown. The village of Waterbury was
incorporated in 1882 with a population
of over 2,000.
came to Waterbury in 1849. The railroad
expanded a passenger station for the
railroad in 1875, making the station a
more major stop on the Vermonter. The
was built in Waterbury Center in 1869.
opened the Vermont State Asylum for the
Insane here in 1891 The hospital,
grew to occupy over 40 buildings, but by
the 1980s the number of patients had
declined to the point where only one
building was required. The remainder of
the campus came to be used for state
towns, Waterbury's economy was based
around the local river mill industry and
the surrounding agricultural producers.
Ben and Jerrys Factory is
were childhood friends from
While Greenfield finished college, he
found himself unable to make his way
into medical school. Cohen dropped out
In 1977, Cohen and Greenfield completed
Cohen has severe
a lack of a sense of smell or taste, and
so relied on "mouth feel" and texture to
provide variety in his diet. This led to
the company's trademark chunks being
mixed in with their ice cream.
On May 5, 1978, with a $12,000
investment, the two business partners
opened an ice cream parlor in a
In 1979, they marked their anniversary
by holding the first-ever free cone day,
now an international annual celebration
at every Ben & Jerry's store.
In 1980, they
rented space in an old spool and
mill on South Champlain Street in
Burlington and started packing their ice
In 1981, the first Ben & Jerry's
franchise opened on
In 1983, Ben & Jerry’s ice cream was
used to build “the world’s largest ice
cream sundae” in
the sundae weighed 27,102 pounds
(12,293 kg). That same year, the cows on
their cartons were redesigned by local
wanted to limit distribution of Ben &
prompting Ben & Jerry’s to file suit
against the parent company,
in its now famous “What’s the
Afraid Of?” campaign.
In 1987, Häagen-Dazs again tried to
enforce exclusive distribution, and Ben
& Jerry’s filed its second lawsuit
against the Pillsbury Company.
In 1985, the
Ben & Jerry’s Foundation was established
at the end of the year with a gift from
Ben & Jerry's to fund community-oriented
projects; it was then provided with 7.5%
of the company’s annual pre-tax profits.
In 1986, Ben & Jerry’s launched its “Cowmobile”,
a modified mobile home used to
distribute free scoops of Ben & Jerry’s
ice cream in a unique, cross-country
“marketing drive”—driven and served by
Ben and Jerry themselves. The
“Cowmobile” burned to the ground outside
four months later, but there were no
injuries. Ben said it looked like “the
In 1988, the
two men won the title of
Business Persons Of The Year,
Also that year, the first brownies were
which led to the development of the
popular Chocolate Fudge Brownie flavor.
In 1992, Ben & Jerry’s joined in a
co-operative campaign with the national
the campaign goal was to bring
children’s basic needs to the top of the
national agenda. Over 70,000 postcards
were sent to
concerning kids and other national
issues. In 1995, they hired
CEO after holding a "Yo! I'm your
C.E.O." essay contest as part of the
Holland left after 20 months following
philosophical differences and was
replaced by Perry Odak in 1997.
In 1989, Ben &
Jerry’s revealed their opposition of the
(recombinant bovine growth hormone) in
all their products. This genetically
engineered hormone is sometimes given to
cows in order to boost milk production,
but Ben & Jerry’s does not support this
practice and is in favor of utilizing
less chemically intensive ingredients
for the safety of consumers and the
In 1994, Ben
& Jerry's: The Inside Scoop, written
by Fred "Chico" Lager, former CEO of Ben
& Jerry's Ice Cream, was published. This
book tracks the history of how Ben &
Jerry's Ice Cream got started. The book
focuses on "How Two Real Guys Built a
Business with a Social Conscience and a
Sense of Humor."
In April 2000,
Ben & Jerry's sold the company to
Anglo-Dutch multinational food giant
Unilever said it hopes
to carry on the tradition of engaging
"in these critical, global economic and
social missions". Although the founders'
names are still attached to the product,
they do not hold any board or management
position and are not involved in
day-to-day management of the company.
In 2001, Ben &
Jerry's U.S. completed the transition to
"Eco-Pint" packaging, which packaged all
pint flavors in environmentally friendly
Eco-Pint containers, a decision it later
reversed. The use of
unbleached paperboard had been a
critical first step toward a totally
biodegradable pint made without added
chlorine. Due to what they described as
increasing supply, quality, and cost
challenges, Ben & Jerry's discontinued
their use of the Eco-Pint in 2006,
transitioning to a pint container made
out of a bleached paperboard that it
said was more readily available.
in 2005, when a vote in the
opening of the
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil
Ben & Jerry's launched a protest by
creating the largest ever
which weighed 900 pounds (410 kg), and
placed it in front of the
In March 2009,
launched an advertising campaign and a
website to promote its milk products,
which purportedly came exclusively from
April 1, 2009 (April
Ben & Jerry's announced that it was
behind this fake company. Ben & Jerry's
had created the
to raise awareness of the increasing
presence of products from cloned animals
within American food
and to campaign for a tracking system of
The hoax was revealed
on April Fool's Day with the message:
"We believe you should have the right to
choose which foods you eat – and not to
eat cloned foods if you don’t want to.
And that's why Ben & Jerry’s believes we
need a national clone tracking system,
so people and companies can know where
their food is coming from."
Jostein Solheim, a Unilever executive
became the new CEO of the company and
had this to say about the transition:
"My mantra that I've repeated a hundred
times since starting at Ben & Jerry's
is: ‘Change is a wonderful thing,'" he
said. "The world needs dramatic change
to address the social and environmental
challenges we are facing. Values led
businesses can play a critical role in
driving that positive change. We need to
lead by example, and prove to the world
that this is the best way to run a
business. Historically, this company has
been and must continue to be a pioneer
to continually challenge how business
can be a force for good and address
inequities inherent in global business."
On February 24,
2012, Ben & Jerry's released a new
line, which came in several flavors:
"Strawberry Shortcake", "Blueberry
Vanilla Graham", "Raspberry Fudge
Chunk", "Banana Peanut Butter",
and "Vanilla" (scoop shop exclusive):
On April 12, 2013, "Pineapple
Passionfruit", "Vanilla Honey Caramel",
and "Liz Lemon" were added to the Greek
The Liz Lemon flavor
was inspired by a character of the
created by actress
as the main character on the
In 2013, Ben &
Jerry’s committed to making their
in support of mandatory GMO labeling
Original flavors and sundaes
of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
is a large ice cream
served in a "Vermonster Bucket" in Ben &
Its ingredients are 20 scoops of ice
cream, 4 bananas, 4 ladles of
3 chocolate chip cookies, 1 chocolate
fudge brownie, 10 scoops of walnuts, 2
scoops each of any 4 toppings, and
whipped cream. It contains 14,000
calories (kcal), and 500 grams
(17.64 oz) of fat. Since 2009, the
Vermonster Challenge is an annual
charity event held by Ben & Jerry's in
which teams of four compete to finish a
Vermonster and win free ice cream for a
consists of vanilla malt ice cream
swirled with fudge and peanut butter,
nuggets covered in fudge and filled with
peanut butter. During the month of
September 2009, Ben and Jerry's, in
Freedom to Marry,
renamed "Chubby Hubby" to "Hubby Hubby,"
in celebration of the
in the company's home state of
The carton featured the image of two men
getting married beneath a rainbow.
On March 13,
2012, Ben & Jerry’s announced it would
be changing the name of one of its ice
cream flavours in the
in support of equal marriage rights for
"Oh! My! Apple Pie!" would become
"Apple-y Ever After" and tubs would
feature a gay couple atop a wedding cake
decorated with rainbows.
Cookie Dough" was temporarily renamed "I
Dough, I Dough" in the
during the summer of 2015. This was in
ruling in support
of same-sex marriage.
The proceeds from sales were to go to
The Colbert Report
on March 5, 2007, to promote their new
ice cream flavor, "Stephen
Colbert's AmeriCone Dream",
and Cohen's progressive advocacy group
renamed a flavour, "Yes Pecan!", in
victory in the
They decided in January 2009 to donate
all proceeds made on the sale of that
flavor to the
On March 2,
2011, Cohen and Greenfield appeared on
Late Night with
and unveiled their new flavour of ice
cream, "Late Night Snack", whose carton
features a picture of
On February 17, 2015, Cohen and
Greenfield appeared on
The Tonight Show
starring Jimmy Fallon
and unveiled their new flavor of ice
cream, "The Tonight Dough", which all of
its proceeds go to the
that supports camps for children with
flavoured ice cream became widely
available in time for the
In April 2015,
the company confirmed that it was
options, after hearing consumers'
feedback, led by a petition and
organization. In early February 2016,
the company announced a new all-vegan
line with 4 flavors. Two of these are
versions of existing flavors - "Chunky
Monkey" and "Chocolate Fudge Brownie" -
and two are all-new vegan-only flavors:
"Coffee Caramel Fudge" and "Peanut
Butter & Cookies".
2018, the company added two new
non-dairy flavors to its growing line of
vegan options. Peanut Butter Half Baked
features chocolate and peanut butter
with fudge brownies and pieces of peanut
butter cookie dough, while Cinnamon Buns
is made with cinnamon-spiced ice cream
and features cinnamon bun dough and a
cinnamon streusel swirl.
in cow costume promoting
Free Cone Day outside a Ben
& Jerry's shop in Stockholm,
Day is an annual event held between
late March and early May, in which Ben &
give out free ice cream cups and cones.
Free Cone Day was first held on
Saturday, May 5, 1979, by
as a customer and staff appreciation
event for the first anniversary of their
million free cones are given away each
year, prompting the company's ad slogan
"Be One In A Million." Charitable
organizations are often present at the
stores each year and enjoy a significant
amount of fundraising success. Often,
local celebrities show up at various
stores, promoting the day and the
Sometimes the event is scheduled to
and sometimes volunteers are on hand
with clipboards and voter registration
forms to help those who would like to
register to vote.
VERMONT IS ONE OF THE 13 STATES THAT SHARES A BORDER WITH CANADA
Vermont shares a national border of 90 miles
with Quebec, Canada.
Montreal, Canada's 2nd largest city is only
75 miles from Burlington, Vermont.
or "City of Mary", it
is named after Mount
triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is on the
Island of Montreal,
In 2011 the city had a population of 1,649,519. Current estimates place the
metropolitan area of Montreal at 4.1 million.
History of Hubbardton
Don published a 200 page book titled History of Hubbardton
Vermont in October 2005. He sold 100 copies in 10
days, ordered 130 more and sold 50 by Christmas 2005.
He reprinted 260 copies of a revised
book in July 2007.
(Use 50% size)
Inside of Back Cover
History of Sudbury
Don had his second history book printed in
September 2011. The new book is "History of
Sudbury Vermont". Here is the
Front Cover (Sudbury
Back Cover (Hill School)
the Book. Read
about Cecile Preseau and
constructed from lumber from the Dining
Hall at Canp Awanee on Beebe Pond. Visit Trevin Farm on
Willowbrook Road. You will love their wonderful purebred
History of Rutland
Rutland is the largest city near Beebe Pond in Hubbardton
and the 2nd largest in the state. Read about its history at
and read about the Rutland Historical Society at
Rutland Hospital is the nearest hospital to
Hubbardton. Read about
The town was originally granted in 1761 by
as one of the
New Hampshire Grants.
He named it after
John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland.
The Original Town of Rutland was chartered in 1761 and was later divided
into; the Town of Proctor, the Town of West Rutland and the City of
The first settlers arrived in 1770 led by Colonel
James Mead. James Meade, Rutland's first
settler arrived in Center Rutland in 1769. . The next year,
he and his family were given shelter by members of the Caughnawag Tribe
while they finished their log cabin. Meade built saw and gristmills on
the falls (Meade's Falls) and ran a ferry on the Otter Creek. He was an
ardent defender of the New Hampshire Grants and served as a Colonel in
the militia. Mead's falls was an important military site. The 1759 Crown
Point Military Road ran by here. General Arthur St. Clair wrote his
report after the Battle of Hubbardton in 1777 at Mead's home on the West
Fort Ranger was built in 1778 on the bluff
northeast of the falls. The first commander was
Captain Gideon Brownson. During the
American Revolutionary war
were stationed there. Whitcomb's Rangers
were authorized on October 15, 1776, and formed in November 1776 at
New York. The
unit consisted of two companies of
service with the
under the command of
a veteran of
They saw action at the
Battle of Hubbardton,
Battle of Bennington
Battle of Saratoga.
They were disbanded on January 1, 1781 at
Coos, New Hampshire.
During the early 1800’s the Rutland area was known
for agriculture and for the sheep industry. By the mid 1800’s the
development of the marble industry and the arrival of the railroads
created an industrial and retail boom which brought many immigrant
workers to the Rutland area. Rutland has continued to grow in industry
and population to become the largest city in Southern Vermont.
Fort Rutland (above) (1775-1775) - A small stockaded
Fort established in 1775 in present day Rutland in Rutland County,
Vermont. One small building used for storage of ammunition and supplies
inside the stockade. Abandoned in 1775. Located at the park in downtown
Rutland on the SW corner of Rt 7 and West Street. There is a stone
site marker at the intersection of Terrill ST. and North Main St. in
OTHER FORTS IN VERMONT See
After the loss of Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence in July 1777,
Fort Warren was built and became a part of a string of forts built
across the state for the defense of Vermont. It was located in Castleton
from 1777 to 1779.
Fort Warren was located one-half mile east of
Castleton village, on a natural plateau, with an area of less than three
acres. This plateau is about fifteen feet higher than the surrounding
meadow in a bend on the north side of Bird's Creek, or Castleton River,
and immediately north of the highway leading through Castleton to
Rutland, about twenty rods west of the mouth of Mead's Brook, now
commonly called Hubbardton Brook. This plateau was connected with a
plain to the north, of many acres in extent, by a narrow neck of land on
the same level. When the Rutland and Washington Railroad was being built
in 1850 this neck of land was dug away to make the dump across the
meadow west. A strip of this plateau, thirty or forty feet wide on the
north side, and about one-half of the west end of it, were also dug
away, for the same purpose, to the depth of eight or ten feet. On the
north side of the railroad, and parallel with it, a new channel was cut
by the company, at the same time, and Hubbardton Brook was turned into
it, which saved building a railroad bridge across the old channel, but
necessitated building a bridge for the public travel across the new
channel in line of the Hubbardton Road, which crossed the old fort
ground. The general features of this old landmark have thus been
materially changed; only about one-half of the original plateau, at the
east end, is now left as it was in the Revolutionary period.
was built on land owned by George FOOT on the east and Peter COGSWELL on
the west. The stockade enclosed the dwellings of both these men. The
entire ground is now owned by John J. LANGDON, and his dwelling-house
stands near the eastern boundary of the stockade.
You know you're from northern Vermont
You've taken your kids trick-or-treating
during a blizzard.
You only own three spices- salt, pepper and ketchup.
You design your Halloween costumes to fit over a snowsuit.
You have more miles on your snowblower than your car.
You have 10 favorite recipes for venison.
The local Hardware store on any Saturday is busier than the toy
stores at Christmas.
Driving is better in the winter because the potholes get filled
You think everyone from the city has an accent.
You think sexy lingerie is tube socks and a flannel nightie with
only 8 buttons.
You owe more money on your snowmobile than your car.
The local paper covers national and international headlines on
l/4 page, but requires 6 pages for sports.
At least twice a year, the kitchen doubles as a meat processing
Your snow-blower gets stuck on the roof.
You think the start of deer hunting season is a national
You frequently clean grease off your barbecue so the bears won't
prowl on your deck.
You know which leaves make good toilet paper.
The town officials greet you on the street by your first name.
The major parish fundraiser isn't bingo- its sausage making.
You find -20F a little chilly.
The trunk of your car doubles as a deep freezer.
You attended a formal event in your best clothes, your finest
jewelry and your snowmobile boots.
The municipality buys a zamboni before a bus.
is the capital
city of the
U.S. state of
Vermont and the
It is the
least populous state capital
in the United States.
The population was 7,855 at the
However, the daytime population swells to about 21,000, due to the large
number of jobs within city limits.
Vermont College of Fine Arts
New England Culinary Institute
are located in the municipality. It was named for
Waterbury is the location of
Ben & Jerry's Ice
Cream, whose factory tours have become Vermont's most popular
were childhood friends from
While Greenfield finished college, he found himself
unable to make his way into medical school. Cohen
dropped out of school.
In 1977, Cohen
and Greenfield completed a
Pennsylvania State University's
Cohen has severe
a lack of a sense of smell or taste, and so relied on
"mouth feel" and texture to provide variety in his diet.
This led to the company's trademark chunks being mixed
in with their ice cream.
On May 5, 1978,
with a $12,000
two business partners opened an ice cream parlor in a
In 1979, they marked their anniversary by holding the
first-ever free cone day, now an international annual
celebration at every Ben & Jerry's store.
In 1980, they rented space in
an old spool and
mill on South Champlain Street in Burlington and started
packing their ice cream in
In 1981, the first Ben & Jerry's franchise opened on
In 1983, Ben & Jerry’s ice cream was used to build “the
world’s largest ice cream sundae” in
St. Albans, Vermont;
the sundae weighed 27,102 pounds (12,293 kg).
That same year, the cows on their cartons were
redesigned by local artist
Häagen-Dazs wanted to limit distribution of Ben &
Boston, prompting Ben & Jerry’s to file suit against
the parent company,
Pillsbury, in its now famous “What’s the
Doughboy Afraid Of?” campaign.
In 1987, Häagen-Dazs again tried to enforce
exclusive distribution, and Ben & Jerry’s filed its
second lawsuit against the Pillsbury Company.
In 1985, the Ben & Jerry’s Foundation was established
at the end of the year with a gift from Ben & Jerry's to
fund community-oriented projects; it was then provided
with 7.5% of the company’s annual pre-tax profits. In
1986, Ben & Jerry’s launched its “Cowmobile”, a
modified mobile home used to distribute free scoops of
Ben & Jerry’s ice cream in a unique, cross-country
“marketing drive”—driven and
served by Ben and Jerry themselves. The “Cowmobile”
burned to the ground outside of
four months later, but there were no injuries. Ben said
it looked like “the world’s largest
In 1988, the two men won the
U.S. Small Business Persons Of The
Year, awarded by
Also that year,
the first brownies were ordered from
which led to the development of the popular Chocolate
Fudge Brownie flavor.
In 1992, Ben &
Jerry’s joined in a co-operative campaign with the
Children's Defense Fund;
the campaign goal was to bring children’s basic needs to
the top of the national agenda. Over 70,000 postcards
were sent to
concerning kids and other national issues. In 1995, they
Robert Holland, Jr.
as CEO after holding a "Yo! I'm your C.E.O." essay contest
as part of the search.
Holland left after 20 months following
philosophical differences and was replaced by Perry Odak
In 1989, Ben & Jerry’s revealed their
opposition of the use of
(recombinant bovine growth hormone) in all their
products. This genetically engineered hormone is
sometimes given to cows in order to boost milk
production, but Ben & Jerry’s does not support this
practice and is in favor of utilizing less chemically
intensive ingredients for the safety of consumers and
In 1994, Ben & Jerry's: The Inside Scoop,
written by Fred "Chico" Lager, former CEO of Ben &
Jerry's Ice Cream, was published. This book tracks the
history of how Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream got started. The
book focuses on "How Two Real Guys Built a Business with
a Social Conscience and a Sense of Humor."
In April 2000, Ben & Jerry's sold the company to
Anglo-Dutch multinational food giant
Unilever. Unilever said it hopes to carry on the
tradition of engaging "in these critical, global
economic and social missions". Although the founders'
names are still attached to the product, they do not
hold any board or management position and are not
involved in day-to-day management of the company.
In 2001, Ben & Jerry's U.S.
completed the transition to "Eco-Pint" packaging, which
packaged all pint flavors in environmentally friendly
Eco-Pint containers, a decision it later reversed. The
unbleached paperboard had been a critical first step
toward a totally biodegradable pint made without added
chlorine. Due to what they described as increasing
supply, quality, and cost challenges, Ben & Jerry's
discontinued their use of the Eco-Pint in 2006,
transitioning to a pint container made out of a bleached
paperboard that it said was more readily available.
in 2005, when a vote in the
opening of the Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge to oil drilling,
Ben & Jerry's launched a protest by creating the largest
which weighed 900 pounds (410 kg), and placed it in
front of the
U.S. Capitol Building.
In March 2009, "CyClone Dairy"
launched an advertising campaign and a website to
promote its milk products, which purportedly came
On April 1, 2009
Fool's Day), Ben &
Jerry's announced that it was behind this fake company.
Ben & Jerry's had created the
to raise awareness of the increasing presence of
products from cloned animals within American food and to
campaign for a tracking system of cloned-animal
products. The hoax was revealed on April Fool's Day with
the message: "We believe you should have the right to
choose which foods you eat – and not to eat cloned foods
if you don’t want to. And that's why Ben & Jerry’s
believes we need a national clone tracking system, so
people and companies can know where their food is coming
In 2010, Jostein Solheim, a
Unilever executive from
became the new CEO of the company and had this to say
about the transition: "My mantra that I've repeated a
hundred times since starting at Ben & Jerry's is:
‘Change is a wonderful thing,'" he said. "The world
needs dramatic change to address the social and
environmental challenges we are facing. Values led
businesses can play a critical role in driving that
positive change. We need to lead by example, and prove
to the world that this is the best way to run a
business. Historically, this company has been and must
continue to be a pioneer to continually challenge how
business can be a force for good and address inequities
inherent in global business."[
On February 24, 2012, Ben &
Jerry's released a new
line, which came in several flavors: "Strawberry
Shortcake", "Blueberry Vanilla Graham", "Raspberry Fudge
Chunk", "Banana Peanut Butter", and "Vanilla" (scoop
shop exclusive): On April 12, 2013, "Pineapple
Passionfruit", "Vanilla Honey Caramel", and "Liz Lemon"
were added to the Greek Yogurt line. The Liz Lemon
flavor was inspired by a character of the
created by actress
as the main character on the
History of Roads. Also
The first roads in Vermont were
Military Roads. In 1759, the British constructed Vermont's first
interstate highway, the Crown Point Road. It was built during the
French and Indian War when General Jeffrey Amherst, wished to continue his
campaign into Canada. Native Americans had followed the waterways leading from
Canada to the coast. One of the most-traveled routes connected Lake Champlain
and the Connecticut River following Otter Creek and the Black River. This
footpath led from Amherst’s strategic position at Crown Point, New York directly
to an important military post, Fort No. 4 on the Connecticut River.
STAGECOACHES (in Castleton, Sudbury,
Hubbardton and other)